The Huguenot Cross

The Huguenot cross, known throughout the world, has become a sign of recognition for Reformed Protestants, especially in France.

Origin

The cross in its present form derived from the Order of St Esprit (Order of the Holy Ghost) which was instituted by Henry III of France in 1578, while it again was based on the mediaeval Maltese Cross.

By contrast with this order, where the dove is at the centre of the cross, the dove on this cross is a pendant symbolizing the descent of the Holy Ghost.

The first persion to mention the origin of the cross was the the Prior of Bernis, Abbot Valette, in a publication "Der Aufruhr in den Cevennen (The Revolt in the Cevennes). Thereupon the goldsmith Maystre in Nimes designed and created the cross around 1688. It quickly gained popularity in the town and surrounding area. It was called after its place of origin the Cross of Languedoc.

Design

Among the many known designs of the Huguenot cross one sometimes finds a cross where the dove is replaced by a tear as a sign of the suffering of the persecuted church, or by a little club, which stands for the religious struggle.

Lilies are recognigable between the arms of the cross. They are the emblem of the French Royal House and symbolize the loyalty of the Huguenots to their King.

Different shapes

Huguenot Cross - Design: Dieter von Andrian - Official Cross - Huguenot Association of Germany
Official Cross
DHG
Huguenot Cross - French Church Berlin
French Church
Berlin
Huguenot Cross - French design
Huguenot cross
French design
Huguenot Cross - Design: Georges Morin - French Church Berlin
Design:
Georges Morin
Huguenot Cross - Design: Johannes Jaxy
Design:
Johannes Jaxy
Huguenot Cross - Switzerland  1935
Switzerland
1935
Huguenot Cross - Godet - Berlin
Godet
Berlin
Huguenot Cross - French tin cross
French
Tin cross
Huguenot Cross Huguenot cross
Huguenot cross
of Berlin
Huguenot Cross - Design: Loquai - Wooden cross
Design: Loquai
Wooden cross
Huguenot Cross - Design: Karlskirche Kassel
Design:
Karlskirche Kassel
Huguenot Cross - Embroidered cross: Gerlind Römer-Quentin
Embroidered cross
Römer-Quentin
Huguenot Cross - Enamelled cross  - Huguenot Association of Germany
Enamelled cross
DHG
Huguenot Cross - Paris 1929
Paris
1929
Huguenot Cross - Sticker - Huguenot Association of Germany
Sticker
DHG

 

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